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Center for Security and Peace Studies-Gadjah Mada University (CSPS-UGM) was built in 1st October 1996. Located in multicultural city of Yogyakarta, this institution emerged to offer responses to two phenomena of the late 1990s, namely, first, the shifting political pattern and configuration at international level, and second, the dramatic increase in national instability and growing trend of separatist and communal conflicts at home before the collapse of New Order military regime. Reflecting on these challenging issues, CSPS has sought to develop new concepts in dealing with issues of security and peace, either at local, national and regional-international level. It is since the year of its birth up to the present that at national level the center has occupied leading role in disseminating and mainstreaming peace and security-related issues, including development, democratization, human rights, and multiculturalism.

The overall activity of the Center focuses on action-research, which combines critical inquiry and concrete engagement in the forms of scientific research, mediation, facilitation, training, and workshop. Moreover, the center, as an academic institution, has developed and managed Master Program in Peace and Conflict Resolution (MPCR) as to meet its urgent call for inventing and mainstreaming studies on peace, security, and defense. The urgency of this program lies in its quick but comprehensive response to issues of sustainable development, political stability, and the current phenomenon of decentralization (local autonomy).

The following are seven (7) areas of concerns or core competencies of the Center:

1. Multiculturalism: Ethnic and Religion
Multiculturalism advocates inter-cultural subjectivity, cooperation, tolerance, and respect for others in our world of cultural difference. CSPS promotes spirit and practice of multiculturalism by ways of empowering local capacity for peaceful coexistence among inter-etnic-religious communities in both conflict-laden and conflict-prone areas in Indonesia. There are two among other activities relating to this concern, namely, (1) Action-research on ‘Active Non-violence Resistance' in three communal conflict (West Kalimantan, Central Sulawesi, and Maluku) in partnership with Quaker International in 2005; (2) Research on ‘Conflict and Religion in Indonesia' in 2004.

2. Peace and Development
Peace relates to development to the extent that process and impacts of the development bring benefits to all citizens in terms of economic justice and prosperity. CSPS has developed a multidisciplinary study under the title ‘development in peace perspective'. Among other activities in dealing with this concern is a series of workshop on ‘Peace Development Analysis-PDA' in Maluku, North Maluku, and Central Sulawesi, in cooperation with UNDP and Bappenas (National Development Planning Board) in 2004.

3. Human Rights, Democratization and Political Party
Democracy remains a prerequisite for all Indonesian citizens to take part in political process particularly through political party that is central to represent their aspiration and interest. In this context, political party exerts decisive and strategic role in reducing political violence during general election in Indonesia. Political participation means the direct exercise of the political rights under the guiding principle of justice and equality before the laws.

4. Security Sector Reform (SSR)
Security sector reform aims at democratization of security and defense institutios. In post-reform Indonesia, this concern has become main agenda due to the central role and position of the National Armed Forces (TNI) during three decades of Soeharto's administration. In 2004, CSPS in partnership with Frederich Ebert Stiftung-FES Indonesia held workshop on ‘Early Warning System and Violence Prevention in General Election 2004'. Besides, MPCR in partnership with Indonesian Police Headquarter and NZAID held two year training on ‘Community Policing' in five conflict-prone provinces (West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, Central Sulawesi, Maluku, and East Nusa Tenggara) in 2006-2007.

5. Conflict Resolution and Cultural-Communal Rights
Conflict resolution starts to be CSPS' main concern for understanding and participating in conflict resolution efforts, particularly in resolving violent communal conflict. This concern comprises study and research on complementary model of conflict resolution (State, NGO, and Local/Traditional conflict resolutions). To support this concern, CSPS takes role as coordinator for P2I (Association for Peace in Indonesia), an association of numerous NGOs and academic institutions holding a series of workshop on ‘Draft Bill on Communal Conflict Handling in Indonesia' in partnership with UNDP and Bappenas, in 2005-present.

6. Crisis-Conflict Management
CSPS develops partnership with various institution (local, national and international) in attempt to empower local capacity for managing crisis and conflict. In 2006, the Center in cooperation with American Friends Services Committee (AFSC) held (1) Training of Trainers (ToT) on ‘Facilitation for Peace' in several conflict areas in Indonesia; (2) Training of Trainers (ToT) on ‘Youth for Peace Camp'' in Thailand; (3) Training on ‘Conflict Management' for Community Broadcasting-Radio in Aceh in 2006.

7. Industrial Conflict
Industrial conflict emanates from industrial relations. This type of conflict often involves violence with its devastating impacts in terms of human lives and property. In order to resolve this conflict, the Center takes conflict management as its core issue by conducting mediation and facilitation process. In 2004, CSPS in partnership with UNDP held workshop on 'Peace and Prosperity' in which industrial conflict became one of the major concern.

The Center has three operational divisions: First, Research and Studies Division with taks of designing and conducting workshop and research activity; second, Training Division with taks of designing and conducting training activity including mediation and facilitation; third, publication division with task of documenting and publishing results of research, mediation, facilitation, and training in the forms of book, working paper and monthly bulletin. The publication activity is supported by Center's publishing house, CSPS Books.


V  I  S  I  O  N
As research and education-based institution, CSPS makes excellent contribution to humanity, peaceful co-existence in multicultural society at home and abroad, and nation-state building

M  I  S  S  I  O  N
To conduct research and education-based activity leading to produce and disseminate research-based knoklewge and alternative models in understanding and dealing with issue of conflict, security, and peace

Jahja Muhaimin
Ichlasul Amal
Kunto Wibisono
Adhi Susanto

Mohtar Mas'oed
Vice Director: Eric Hiariej


Head of Office, Administrator: Anggoro Wasthi
Treasurer: Wulan Kurniati
Front Office, Librarian, Caretaker: Suparman
Security: Slamet Haryadi
Caretaker: Supriyana


Advocacy and Publication:
Samsu Rizal Panggabean
Education and Research:
Eric Hiariej


Samsu Rizal Panggabean
M. Najib Azca
Dafrie Agussalim
Nanang Pamudji Mugasejati
Eric Hiariej
Rahmat Hidayat
Dody Wibowo
Arifah Rahmawati
M. Faried Cahyono
Zuly Qodir
Nurul Aini
Frans Vicky Djalong
Kristina Sintia Dewi
Titik Firawati
Ni Komang Widiani
Diah Kusumaningrum
Sigit Riyanto
Tri Susdinarjanti
Ucu Martanto
Muhadi Sugiono


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